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微生物学报

基于谷氨酸消旋酶基因(murI)构建杀香鱼假单胞菌减毒活疫苗株的染色体-质粒平衡致死表达系统
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国家自然科学基金(42376108)


Construction of a chromosome-plasmid balanced lethal system based on murI in the attenuated live vaccine strain of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida
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    摘要:

    【目的】构建一种基于谷氨酸消旋酶(MurI)基因的染色体-质粒平衡致死系统,用于杀香鱼假单胞菌减毒活疫苗株(Pseudomonas plecoglossicida ΔtssD-1, Pp ΔtssD-1)中表达外源抗原,为开发多联活疫苗提供新的思路和方法。【方法】利用同源重组技术,将亲本株Pp ΔtssD-1中的murI基因敲除,构建murI基因缺失突变株;将广宿主穿梭质粒pBBR1MCS-2的卡那霉素抗性基因替换为murI基因,构建平衡致死质粒(即无抗性回补质粒);在平衡致死质粒的多克隆位点处插入绿色荧光蛋白以检测外源抗原是否稳定表达,对重组菌株进行生物学特性分析,包括生长曲线、质粒稳定性和外源抗原表达水平。【结果】murI基因缺失株在不含D-谷氨酸的LB培养基上无法生长;无抗性回补株在不含D-谷氨酸的LB培养基上恢复了生长能力,但生长速度低于亲本株;经鉴定外源抗原可在无抗性质粒中稳定表达,并可在荧光显微镜下观察到明显的绿色荧光信号;此外,平衡致死质粒在重组菌株中具有良好的遗传稳定性。【结论】本研究以murI为靶点构建了新型的染色体-质粒平衡致死系统,可在无抗性筛选条件下在Pp ΔtssD-1中表达外源抗原,为开发多联活疫苗提供了新的策略和方法。

    Abstract:

    【Objective】 To construct a chromosome-plasmid balanced lethal system based on the glutamate racemase (MurI) gene for the expression of exogenous antigens in the attenuated vaccine strain of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida (Pp ΔtssD-1), so as to provide new ideas and methods for the development of multi-component live vaccines. 【Methods】 We constructed a murI-deleted strain from Pp ΔtssD-1 by homologous recombination. First, we replaced the kanamycin resistance gene of the pBBR1MCS-2 plasmid with murI to construct a balanced lethal plasmid. Subsequently, we inserted the green fluorescent protein gene into the multicloning site of the plasmid to examine the expression stability of the exogenous antigen. Finally, we characterized the recombinant strain in terms of the growth curve, plasmid stability, and expression of the exogenous antigen. 【Results】 The murI-deleted strain was unable to grow in the lysogeny broth medium without D-glutamate. The non-resistant complemented strain regained growth capability in the lysogeny broth medium without D-glutamate. However, its growth was slower than that of the starting strain. Exogenously introduced antigens were identified as stable in the absence of antibiotic selection, and distinct green fluorescence signals were observed under a fluorescence microscope. Additionally, the balanced lethal plasmid exhibited high genetic stability within the recombinant strain. 【Conclusion】 A novel chromosome-plasmid balanced lethal system targeting murI was developed in this study. It enabled the expression of exogenous antigens in Pp ΔtssD-1 without the need for antibiotic selection. This system provides a new method for the development of multi-component live vaccines, with no need of antibiotic resistance markers and high plasmid stability.

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张明明,叶浩达,张朝政,王鹏程,王克诠,严小军,陶震. 基于谷氨酸消旋酶基因(murI)构建杀香鱼假单胞菌减毒活疫苗株的染色体-质粒平衡致死表达系统. 微生物学报, 2024, 64(3): 767-779

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  • 收稿日期:2023-08-01
  • 最后修改日期:2023-10-17
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  • 在线发布日期: 2024-03-18
  • 出版日期: 2024-03-04