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融合自组装双亲短肽对重组过氧化氢酶酶学性质的影响
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辽宁省自然科学基金项目(20180550668)


Effect of fusing a self-assembling amphipathic peptide on the enzymatic properties of recombinant catalase
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    摘要:

    [目的]利用融合自组装双亲短肽策略对源自枯草芽孢杆菌(Bacillus subtilis)的过氧化氢酶KatA进行改性,以强化重组过氧化氢酶在工业中的应用适应性。[方法]将自组装双亲短肽S1vw通过连接肽PT-linker融合在KatA的N端,构建重组质粒pHT254-S1vw-PT-katA,将其与携带天然酶基因的pHT254-katA分别转入枯草芽孢杆菌WB800N中进行分泌表达,之后将分离纯化得到的纯酶进行酶学性质研究。[结果]成功构建出工程菌并将胞外粗酶液通过乙醇沉淀、DEAE阴离子交换层析、疏水层析和凝胶过滤层析4步纯化,最终获得电泳纯的重组酶蛋白。酶学性质研究结果显示,融合酶S1vw-PT-KatA和天然酶KatA的最适反应温度均为30℃,最适反应pH值均为11.0。然而,融合酶在pH 12.0下孵育30 min的相对酶活为77.3%,是相同处理条件下天然酶相对酶活的14.9倍,在65℃和70℃下孵育30 min的相对酶活分别为19.8%和17.5%,是相同处理条件下天然酶相对酶活的1.8倍和1.7倍。此外,融合酶在4℃储存14 d后相对酶活为88.6%,而天然酶仅具有44.3%的相对酶活。同时,融合酶的kcat/Km提高到天然酶的2.3倍。[结论]融合自组装双亲短肽S1vw提高了重组过氧化氢酶KatA的pH稳定性、温度稳定性、储存稳定性和催化效率,不仅获得了催化效率和应用适应性改良的重组酶蛋白,为针对过氧化氢酶的进一步分子改造提供了策略参考和实验依据,而且促进了其在工业上的规模化制备和应用。

    Abstract:

    [Objective] In this study,we fused a catalase KatA from Bacillus subtilis with a self-assembling amphipathic peptide to improve its adaptability in industrial production.[Methods]S1vw-PT-katA and katA were cloned into pHT254 to yield the constructs pHT254-S1vw-PT-katA and pHT254-katA,respectively,which were separately introduced into B.subtilis WB800N for expression.The recombinant enzymes were then purified and characterized.[Results] The purified enzymes were acquired from the extracellular crude extract of the engineering bacteria through a four-step procedure consisting of ethanol precipitation,DEAE anion exchange chromatography,hydrophobic chromatography,and gel filtration chromatography.The fused enzyme S1vw-PT-KatA and natural enzyme KatA exhibited maximum activity at 30℃ and pH 11.0.However,the relative activity of the S1vw-PT-KatA incubated at pH 12.0 for 30 min was 77.3%,which was 14.9 times that of KatA under the same conditions.The relative activities of S1vw-PT-KatA incubated at 65℃ and 70℃ for 30 min were 19.8% and 17.5%,respectively,which were 1.8 and 1.7 times that of KatA.The relative activity of S1vw-PT-KatA stored at 4℃ for 14 days was 88.6%,while that was only 44.3% for KatA.Meanwhile,the kcat/Km value of S1vw-PT-KatA was 2.3 times that of KatA.[Conclusion]Fusing with a self-assembling amphipathic peptide S1vw can improve the pH stability,thermostability,storage stability,and catalytic efficiency of recombinant KatA.This finding provides a potential strategy for the modification,large-scale production,and application of catalase.

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庞焦,姜梦彤,刘羽欣,李明玉,王从纲,李宪臻.融合自组装双亲短肽对重组过氧化氢酶酶学性质的影响.微生物学报,2022,62(9):3449-3463

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  • 收稿日期:2022-01-08
  • 最后修改日期:2022-02-28
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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-09-05
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