Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. Although an author may not feel there is any conflict, disclosure of relationships and interests provides a more complete and transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work.
Awareness of a real or perceived conflicts of interest is a perspective to which the readers are entitled. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate.
Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:
1)Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number)
2)Honoraria for speaking at symposia
3)Financial support for attending symposia
4)Financial support for educational programs
5)Employment or consultation
6)Support from a project sponsor
7)Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management relationships
9)Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest
10)Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
11)Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work
In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.
The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors.
Examples of disclosures
The corresponding author will include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list, that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form(s).
Examples of disclosures
Funding: This study was funded by X (grant number X).
Conflict of Interest
Conflict of Interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B has received a speaker honorarium from Company X and owns stock in Company Y. Author C is a member of committee Z.
If no conflict exists, the authors should state
Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.